Bulgaria has been inhabited since the dawn of human civilization. From the Cuman tribes of Central Asia to the Persians, the Thracians, the Romans, the Byzantines, the Ottomans, the Russians and Soviets, Bulgaria has a rich legacy of ancient cultures within its terrain. No wonder its capital is named Sofia – after the Greek Goddess of Wisdom.
The Balkan and Rhodope Mountains give way to the Danube River plains and Black Sea coast, and throughout Bulgaria lie the vestiges of lost empires. Orthodox church domes in Sofia, Roman amphitheaters in Plovdiv, Greek remains in Nessebar and Bulgar folklore in Veliko Tarnovo, give immense depth to its cultural wealth. Frescoes and religious art are prevalent in several areas, but Bulgaria’s folk music is one of its most developed and ancient traditions. Fire is held sacred and is used to ward off the evil spirit. While its cuisine is suited to the Mediterranean palate, Bulgaria is also known for its sweet wines, particularly Muscat. Peel back the layers of this ancient land with Exeter International.